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Lake & Fish Facts

Lake Michigan Facts & Figures

Lake Michigan is the third largest Great Lake by surface area, and the sixth largest fresh water lake in the world.  Lake Superior is the largest lake by surface area, 31,700 square miles.

The worlds largest fresh water sand dunes line the lakeshore

LENGTH:  307 miles / 494 km.
BREADTH:  118 miles / 190 km.
AVERAGE DEPTH:  279 ft. / 85 m
MAXIMUM DEPTH:  925 ft. / 282 m.
VOLUME:  1,180 cubic miles / 4,920 cubic km.
WATER SURFACE AREA:  22,300 sq. miles / 57,800 sq. km.
TOTAL DRAINAGE BASIN AREA:  45,600 sq. miles / 118,000 sq. km.
DRAINAGE BASIN AREA BY STATE/PROVINCE:

    Illinois: 100 sq mi; 300 sq km
    Indiana: 2200 sq mi; 5800 sq km
    Michigan: 28,300 sq mi; 73,300 sq km
    Wisconsin: 14,200 sq mi; 36700 sq km

SHORELINE LENGTH (including islands):  1,638 miles / 2,633 km.
ELEVATION:  577 ft. / 176 m.
OUTLET:  Straits of Mackinac to Lake Huron
RETENTION/REPLACEMENT TIME:  99 years

 

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